Anatomy

Brain Injury Help, Brain Anatomy, and Hope After Brain Injury – 101

Brain Injury Help, Brain Anatomy, and Hope After Brain Injury – 101

Part 1 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 1 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  This is Gordon Johnson:    Welcome to Brain Injury Help.com. We are here to provide support and hope. Support for what lies ahead after brain injury. Hope that recovery can make a difference. This is Attorney Gordon Johnson and I’m here with Dr. Erin Bigler. Dr. Bigler is(…)

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Brain Anatomy Begins with Skull – 102

Brain Anatomy Begins with Skull – 102

Part 2 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 2 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson: Doctor, when we set out to understand the anatomy of the brain, do you agree that it’s important that we begin with the skull? Dr. Erin Bigler: The brain sits inside the skull and developmentally, the growth of the brain is stimulating the(…)

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Skull – Brain’s Egg Carton – 103

Skull – Brain’s Egg Carton – 103

Part 3 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 3 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        As I understand human evolution, essentially we have an airbag, hard-surface protector system there to keep us safe. I guess an egg carton is a better way to describe it, that the brain sits inside of its own egg carton. Dr. Erin Bigler:           (…)

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Meninges – Dura Arachnoid Pia 104

Meninges – Dura Arachnoid Pia 104

Part 4 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 4 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Let’s talk a minute about the meninges, did I say that right? Dr. Erin Bigler:            Yes, uh huh. Gordon Johnson:        We had the conversation yesterday before we started. I said well maybe I could bring a plastic bag, just sort of demonstrate what(…)

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Introduction to the Anatomy of the Brain Itself – 105

Introduction to the Anatomy of the Brain Itself – 105

Part 5 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 5 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        As we begin talking about brain anatomy, I want to talk with just some real big picture topics and then we’ll move from the larger divisions of the brain into more specifics. The brain is essentially divided into the brain stem, the cerebellum,(…)

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Brain Functional Geography – Frontal Lobes – 106

Brain Functional Geography – Frontal Lobes – 106

Part 6 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 6 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Doctor, I’d like to continue with our brain anatomy lesson. We talked about the four basic overview parts of the brain, but I would now like to have you take us through some of the subparts of those brain and, and give it(…)

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Temporal Lobes 107

Temporal Lobes 107

Part 7 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 7 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Doctor, let’s talk more specifically about the temporal area. Dr. Erin Bigler:            So the temporal lobe here, on this lateral surface, this outer surface, this area here the very top is called the superior temporal gyrus. So, the sort of lumps that you(…)

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Parietal Lobes 108

Parietal Lobes 108

Part 8 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 8 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Doctor, next I’d like to talk about the parietal lobes. Dr. Erin Bigler:            Yes. Gordon Johnson:        Show us where the parietal lobes are. Dr. Erin Bigler:            Well, again notice the beautiful symmetry of, of the brain: left hemisphere, right hemisphere and the parietal(…)

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Occipital Lobes 109

Occipital Lobes 109

Part 9 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 9 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Doctor, in our next segment I’d like to talk about the occipital lobes. Can you show us where the occipital lobe is? Dr. Erin Bigler:            Yes. So, the occipital lobe is right at the back of the brain. And it’s a very dedicated(…)

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Brain Hemisphere Function Experience Dependant 110

Brain Hemisphere Function Experience Dependant 110

Part 10 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 10 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Let’s focus on the concept of two hemispheres in the brain. Perhaps behind you we have a brain that we haven’t dissected. ­ Dr. Erin Bigler:            Taken apart. Gordon Johnson:        ­ Now the brain has two hemispheres and they’re not identical, they’re like(…)

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Orbital Frontal and Ventricles 111

Orbital Frontal and Ventricles 111

Part 11 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 11 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        We’ve talked about the neuron and we’ve talked about some of the larger lobes in the cerebral cortex. You had some other issue you felt we should talk about now. Dr. Erin Bigler:            Yes, I want to show you a very, very important(…)

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Hippocampus and Fornix – 112

Hippocampus and Fornix – 112

Part 12 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 12 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Dr. Erin Bigler:            So what I’m going to do now is I’m going to remove the temporal lobe from the insular cortex and just inside the insular cortex are the basal ganglia. Gordon Johnson:        Now these are the insular cortex are these two areas we(…)

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Hippocampus – How the Brain Saves Memory 113

Hippocampus – How the Brain Saves Memory 113

Part 13 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 13 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        The hippocampus has been called the brain save button. Dr. Erin Bigler:            It is the save button. It is a very important part of your ability to lay down a memory. Gordon Johnson:        So, information comes into the brain. It goes to the(…)

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Visualizing Hippocampus and Other Structures – 114

Visualizing Hippocampus and Other Structures – 114

Part 14 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 14 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Doctor, when we broke we were holding the temporal lobes with the hippocampus and the foreign structures that are shown. We are now going to turn to the model of an actual human brain that we have and this is a reconstruction from(…)

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Amygdala’s Role in Memory – 115

Amygdala’s Role in Memory – 115

Part 15 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 15 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Now that we see the relationship between the hippocampus and the amygdala talk to us about the role that the amygdala plays and then the role it plays in memory. Dr. Erin Bigler:            Well, the amygdala is again another one of those structures(…)

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Basal Ganglia – 116

Basal Ganglia – 116

Part 16 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 16 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Doctor let’s talk about the basal ganglia. Dr. Erin Bigler:            So now I’m going to pull this apart a little bit further. So, I’m going to do an interesting – I’m going to put you on the spot, okay? So I’m going to(…)

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Brain Stem, Diencephalon, Thalamus, Hypothalamus – 117

Brain Stem, Diencephalon, Thalamus, Hypothalamus – 117

Part 17 of 17 in the series Anatomy

This is part 17 of 17 in the Anatomy Series  Gordon Johnson:        Doctor, you’re holding in your hand now a brain, the brain stem and the diencephalon. Is that correct? Dr. Erin Bigler:            Well a little more than the diencephalon because over here you have a little bit of the internal capsule and some other(…)

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